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குதிரை பலம் பெற குதிரைவாலி
குதிரைவாலி தந்திடுமே குறைவில்லா வாழ்வு
Barnyard millet is predominantly cultivated in India, China, Japan, and Korea for food as well as fodder. Japanese and Indian species of this millet are vigorous and have a wide adaptation in terms of soil and moisture requirements. They grow well in different seasons and at higher elevations, but require three to four months for maturation. It is cultivated on marginal lands where rice and other crops will not grow well. Barnyard millet is an erect plant 60-130 cm tall and spikelets are brownish to purple. It is grown for both grain and fodder in India especially in the hilly tracts of Uttarkhand, Eastern Asia and parts of Africa, and in the Eastern USA it has been a valuable forage crop. A relative, Australian millet (Echinocloa decompositum), is used by the aborigines of that continent as a cereal grain.
Kodo millet is native to the tropical and sub-tropical regions of South America and domesticated in India 3,000 years ago. Kodo millet is extensively grown on the poorest of soils throughout India but is probably not cultivated to any extent elsewhere. It is reputed to be extremely hardy, drought resistant and grows on stony or gravelly soils which would not support other crops. It is relatively long in duration requiring four to six months to mature compared with two to four months for the other miIlets. Short duration varieties have now been developed. Kodo is an annual tufted grass that grows up to 90 cm high. The grain is enclosed in hard, corneous, persistent husks that are difficult to remove. The grain may vary in colour from light red to dark grey.
Little millet was domesticated in the Eastern Ghats of India occupying a major portion of diet amongst the tribal people and spread to Sri Lanka, Nepal, and Myanmar. Little millet appears related to proso but is generally shorter, has smaller panicles and seeds, and is grown on a limited scale voluntarily or with minimum care on poor lands. Little millet matures quickly and withstands both drought and water logging. Less genetic diversity occurs in the world collections of this species than appears among the other species and the grains are similar to that of rice. Perhaps very little of this species is grown outside of India
கேழ்வரகு சர்க்கரையே விலகு
ராகியில் பலகாரம் கால்சியத்தின் அதிகாரம்
Finger millet is an important primary food especially for the rural populations of Southern India and East & Central Africa. Finger millet or ragi can be grown under wide range of adaptation ie from sea level to hilly regions of Himalayas but thrives best under well drained, loamy type of soils. About 60% of finger millet is produced by the state of Karnataka which is about 34% of global production. Finger millet is a dwarf, highly tillering plant with characteristic finger like terminal inflorescences. The height of a mature plant ranges from 30-150 cm and the seeds are very small like mustard and are light brown, or dark brown or white in color. The crop matures in 3-5 months depending on the variety and growing conditions. The grains of finger millet are rich in quality protein having high amounts of tryptophan, cystine and methionine, fiber (10-15% dietary fiber), phytochemicals, calcium and other minerals
திணை இதயத்திற்கு துணை
தினை உண்டால் தேக்கு போல் உடல் வலுவாகும்
Foxtail millet is the third largest crop among the millets, cultivated for food in semi-arid tropics of Asia and as forage in Europe, North America, Australia, and North Africa. Foxtail or Italian millet may well have unrealized potential for grain production. It forms a slender, erect, leafy stem varying in height from 1-5 feet. Seeds are borne in a spike-like, compressed panicle resembling yellow foxtail, green foxtail, or giant foxtail. The grains are very similar to paddy rice in grain structure. They contain an outer husk, which needs to be removed in order to be used. The Chinese claim exceptionally high yields sometimes exceeding 11,000 kg per ha. It is drought - resistant, grows at higher elevations (up to 600 feet) and is frequently sown as an alternate crop with sorghum on black cotton soils when rainfall is deficient. It also grows well on loamy or alluvial and clayey soils. China grows most of the world’s crop, but some Italian millet is grown in India, Japan, and Russia. In the USA. it is largely sown for fodder.