Barnyard millet is predominantly cultivated in India, China, Japan, and Korea for food as well as fodder. Japanese and Indian species of this millet are vigorous and have a wide adaptation in terms of soil and moisture requirements. They grow well in different seasons and at higher elevations, but require three to four months for maturation. It is cultivated on marginal lands where rice and other crops will not grow well. Barnyard millet is an erect plant 60-130 cm tall and spikelets are brownish to purple. It is grown for both grain and fodder in India especially in the hilly tracts of Uttarkhand, Eastern Asia and parts of Africa, and in the Eastern USA it has been a valuable forage crop. A relative, Australian millet (Echinocloa decompositum), is used by the aborigines of that continent as a cereal grain.
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