Sorghum, (also known as Jowar) is the world’s fifth major cereal food crop in terms of production and acreage after rice, wheat, maize and barley. In India, the sorghum grains are used mainly for food while the stover after harvest of grains is highly valuable as nutritive fodder to animals. The grains are also used for poultry feed and has other industrial uses such as potable alcohol production. Sorghum scientifically known as C4 plant, is one of the most energy efficient crops in use of solar energy and water to produce food and biomass. The crop has inherent drought tolerant nature and can be grown under wide range of environmental conditions. In the semi-arid regions sorghum is a dual-purpose crop, as both grain and stover are highly valued for human and animal consumption, respectively.